Campbell of Glendaruel

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Campbell of Glendaruel

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The second line of the Campbells of Glendaruel was descended from Archibald Campbell of Carsaig on Jura, who married twice. His first wife was Mary Campbell of Ardchattan, widow of Alexander Campbell of Killinallan in Islay. By this wife he had a son Alexander, born in or about 1690. Archibald then married as his second wife, Catherine MacSuine or MacSween, daughter of the Jura minister. By her he apparently had two sons, Duncan and Donald. This Duncan became Duncan Campbell of Lochead, who acquired the forfeited estate of Glendaruel (disposition, 6 March 1749). The previous owner, Colin Campbell of Glendaruel, was an ardent Jacobite and member of the Breadalbane Campbell family, forfeited for his part in the 1715 rebellion.

Alexander Campbell had two sons, Duncan and John, the latter born in 1715.This Duncan disappears from record but John was a merchant in Greenock, and married his first cousin Jean, a daughter of Duncan Campbell of Lochead and Glendaruel. They had three daughters, and on the death of all her brothers without legitimate heirs it was one of Jean’s daughters who eventually succeeded to Glendaruel.

The children of Duncan Campbell of Lochead and Glendaruel, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of the reverend Alexander Campbell of Glenaray Parish and grand-daughter of James Campbell of Auchenatra, Provost of Inveraray, were:

Archibald, Captain, 42nd Highlanders, born 1720, predeceased his father, dying without legitimate male heirs, 3rd June 1762.

John, Colonel, 42nd Highlanders, served under Wolfe at Quebec in 1759, superintendent of Indian Affairs in Canada, born 1721, married but had no children, succeeded his father to Glendaruel in 1776, and died on the 3rd June 1795.

Alexander, Lt-General, 1st Regiment of Foot (Royal Scots), was born 1724, with his elder brother’s assent had Glendaruel entailed in 1790, succeeded his brother in 1795, and died apparently unmarried about 1802.

Colin, Lt-Colonel, 71st Foot, born 1725, saw action in the American Revolutionary War, left a number of illegitimate sons around Inveraray before dying at Glendaruel on the 26th April 1799.

Duncan, the youngest son, was a merchant in Greenock. He married Helen, a daughter of Alexander Campbell, Comptroller of Customs (and a relative of Mungo Nutter Campbell) but they had no children. He succeeded his brothers to Glendaruel and died on the 19th January 1814.

The sisters of the above were all mentioned in a Sasine of 23rd March 1764, naming their father, Duncan Campbell of Glendaruel. As well as Jean, the youngest and then still unmarried, they were:

Elizabeth was the eldest daughter and had married Neil Mackellar, tacksman of Achagoyle (Minard), later of Daill (Cairnbaan) by the 15th October 1757.

Lilias, unmarried at the time of the Sasine in 1764, she later married a Duncan Campbell, collector of Excise, and died without heirs in 1820.

Because of the 1790 entail Glendaruel could only be inherited by a Campbell, and on the death of Duncan in 1814 this was a niece, a daughter of the family of Jean and her husband and cousin John Campbell, merchant in Greenock. Jean was almost certainly born after 1735, so at least twenty years younger than John. To date their marriage record has not been found, but they had:

Elizabeth, who now succeeded to Glendaruel and died unmarried in 1824.

Marianne, who succeeded her, and

Catharine, who married the reverend Dr Charles Stewart of Strachur Parish in 1801; she died in 1810.

So Marianne married Neil Campbell of Ardnahoe, Captain in the 79th Highlanders. Burkes “Landed Gentry” (1939 edition) says he was “her cousin”, the son of Archibald Campbell and his wife who was a daughter of MacNeill of Colonsay, and a grandson of a Donald Campbell. It should be pointed out that this LG entry contains many other errors and is not completely reliable. Where possible, the main reference for this history is Herbert Campbell’s pedigree in the Archives. In a later edition of Burke, Donald, grandfather of Neil, is listed as the brother of Duncan Campbell of Lochead, 1st of this line of Glendaruel. This has yet to be verified, but if true would have made Marianne and Neil second cousins.

So it was Marianne and Neil’s eldest son who succeeded his aunt, Elizabeth in 1824. He was Archibald Campbell, and had 2 brothers and 4 sisters, with a least two of the sisters having children. The brothers were Duncan, of Hafton, (the family seem to have acquired the old Campbell property of Orchyard, and changed its name to Hafton; he died in Australia), and John, who served in the Honourable East India Company.

In “The Records of Clan Campbell in the Military Service of the Honourable East India Company 1600-1858”, part of the Clan Campbell series of volumes compiled by Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine and published in 1925, a John Colin Campbell is given as the son of Captain Neil Campbell, Dunmore, Parish of Kilcalmonell, and his parents were deceased by 1830. He was born on the 29th December 1808 and was appointed an Assistant Surgeon in the HEICS on the 15th November 1831. He sailed for India on the “Bengal Merchant” on the 28th April 1832.

He submitted a certificate of proficiency in the study of diseases of the eye on the 25th May 1838, and between 1839 and 1845 was working in the Zillah District of the city of Cuddapah. In 1848 he was appointed surgeon to the Rajah of Mysore, a position he held until retirement on the 31st January 1865. He died on the 15th December 1869.

He married but his wife’s name is note recorded so may have been a native Indian lady. Two children are mentioned; Mary (1847-54) and Charles (1848-55), both buried in No 1 cemetery, St Stephen’s Church, Ootacamund, a former hill station now in the State of Tamil Nadu. There is no mention of any involvement in the Indian Mutiny. At a second viewing this does not seem to be the John Campbell HEICS in the LG version of the Glendaruel pedigree. It has John marrying, on the 1867, Helen Somerset, a member of the Beaufort family.

Archibald Campbell of Glendaruel was the laird at the time of the Indian Mutiny, he lived until the 15th March 1875. He was a Captain in the 42nd Highlanders before becoming the first Colonel of the Argyllshire Volunteers, a JP and Deputy Lord Lieutenant of the county. There is no evidence of him fighting in the Indian Mutiny. He married first about 1839, and by his two wives he had three sons and five daughters. His son Robert Hume Campbell, born July 1846, succeeded to Glendaruel.

Robert Hume Campbell married a New Zealander, Mary O’Connell, on the 14th March 1869. They had five daughters, and when he died on the 27th January 1921 he was succeeded by the eldest, Madeleine Elizabeth Hume Campbell. However, he had sold Glendaruel, so the title “of Glendaruel” was in name only. Her sister, Lilias Marianne Campbell, married Yorkshireman Charles Henry Horsfall in July 1901, and he took the additional name Campbell. It was their son, Archibald Hume Campbell, born July 1902, who was the correspondent in 1979-80. The family, by then using the surname Campbell-Horsfall, seems to have now died out, although there were descendants of Archibald’s niece Ann Elspeth Campbell, who married HSH Prince Alexander Georg, an Austrian aristocrat of the House of Croy. She was born on the 16th August 1917, and married on the eve of the 2nd World War, on the 17th February 1938.


Glendaruel, parish of Kilmodan, county of Argyll

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Duncan Beaton research; Burke's Landed Gentry

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